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Sumptuous and abundant, the family reunion dinner served on Chinese New Year’s Eve is undeniably a highlight of the entire holiday season. In this article, I’ll help you plan a meal full of auspicious symbolism and delicious flavors for your family.
A Chinese New Year reunion dinner brings a joyful family together around a full table and symbolizes the hopes for prosperity in the year ahead. To draw from Western examples, the meal combines the abundance of Thanksgiving with the anticipation of New Year’s Eve and the holiday cheer of Christmas.
Preparing a reunion dinner simultaneously requires careful planning, culinary skill and an awareness of cultural symbolism. Moreover, the meal takes place during an exciting time! As you shop at your Chinese market, you’ll be caught up in the pre-holiday bustle of countless others doing the same thing. It’s a thread that extends back thousands of years.
Start your planning with your guest list. It’s most important, of course, to invite your family members, both near and far. Though it’s not in the traditional Chinese custom, consider inviting close friends, as well. A full table will make your efforts feel more worthwhile.
A traditional reunion meal consists of eight courses (for luck), not including white rice, tea and fresh fruit for dessert. The procession of dishes should include a cold appetizer, soup, three main meat courses, a vegetable dish, noodles and fried rice. Among the suggest dishes below, a whole steamed fish and a whole white cut chicken are probably considered most essential — both symbolize abundance and family togetherness.
Here’s a suggested reunion dinner menu, with links to recipes on this site. Further below, we’ll address the role food symbolism plays in the meal.
1. Appetizer: Roast Pork
Other Appetizer Options:
– Drunken Chicken
2. Soup: Winter Melon Soup
3. Main Course: Whole Steamed Fish
4. Main Course: Red Cooked Beef
Other Beef Options:
– Stir Fried Beef with Snow Peas
5. Main Course: Whole White Cut Chicken
6. Vegetable: Gailan with Crab Meat Sauce
7. Noodles: Braised Longevity Noodles
Other Noodle Options:
– Rice Noodles with Pork and Bean Sprouts
8. Fried Rice: Yangzhou Fried Rice
Every dish served during a Chinese New Year reunion dinner carries some symbolic meaning conveying good luck, prosperity or good health. Often, homonyms (words that share the same pronunciation but have different meanings) are used. For example, the word for fish yu, sounds like the word for “extra” or “surplus,” making it an indispensable part of the Chinese New Year meal.
Here’s a useful food symbolism guide from Rosemary Gong’s Good Luck Life:
Symbolizes All Wishes Fulfilled
Symbolizes Family Reunion
Symbolizes Success in Business
Symbolizes Many Children
Success in Every Endeavor
Symbolizes Good Luck
Symbolizes a Sweet Life
Symbolizes Good Luck
If you follow the steps above, you’re sure to create a delicious family reunion dinner for Chinese New Year. One last tip: plan to cook enough to have leftovers. An abundance of food is believed to bring the family great wealth in the coming year!
Your turn! Can you share any tips from your experience cooking a Chinese New Year reunion dinner? Want to ask a question before you celebrate with your family? I’d love to hear from you in the comments section below!
HT: Photo by Celebrations of Chinese New Year.