The Qingming Festival, also referred to as the Pure Brightness Festival, pays respect to ancestors and celebrates the warming weather of spring. It’s a time for honoring the past with a spirit of celebration that includes space for both reflection and renewal.
Mark Your Calendars
Qingming Festival 2017 is April 4, 2017. It takes place every year on April 4 or 5 on the first day of the fifth solar term of the Chinese calendar.
Here is a collection of easy activities, recipes and crafts with step-by-step directions to help your family observe the Chinese holiday commonly referred to as Tomb Sweeping Day.
Celebrating the Qingming Festival has two halves, equally balanced between sadness and happiness, death and rebirth. Qingming is generally observed quietly among family by visiting the gravesites of relatives and enjoying time outdoors. It’s a wonderful time to fondly share stories about ancestors, Chinese or not, and to get the kids outside to hike, fly kites or plant seeds.
History & Folklore
The Qingming Festival occurs as spring blooms, making the holiday an interesting mix of somber tomb sweeping and celebratory outdoor activities. It’s one of the two big annual festivals designated for the dead — the other is the Hungry Ghost Festival in the fall. Read More »
The Origins of Qingming Festival Traditions
The Qingming Festival’s name refers to the arrival of spring (literally “pure” and “bright”), providing a refreshing counterbalance to the solemn task of tomb sweeping. Fly kites, plant seeds and visit the park to tap the holiday’s spirit of rejuvenation and growth. Read More »
The most visible Qingming Festival activity revolves around tomb sweeping, the ritual cleaning of gravesites to honor a family’s ancestors. People care for their relatives in the afterlife by visiting at the cemetery, refreshing their tombstones and making offerings of food, incense and joss paper. Once tomb sweeping is complete, families picnic at the cemetery and commonly spend the afternoon enjoying outdoor activities in the early blooming days of spring.
How to Plan a Tomb Sweeping Ceremony
Tidying family grave sites is the most important Qingming Festival tradition, a respectful family obligation that gets to the heart of Chinese filial piety. Symbolically, a clean gravesite lets your relatives know that they remain in your thoughts. Read More »
Unless you’re observing the customs of the Cold Food Festival, there aren’t many traditional foods specifically associated with the Qingming Festival. Because the holiday focuses on honoring family ancestors, the culinary focus is placed on making their favorite dishes. The result is an emphasis on homestyle family favorites, meals that can be transported easily and enjoyed outside after the tomb sweeping ceremony.
How to Make Roast Pork
Roast pork, along with roast duck and char siu, is widely available from Chinatown BBQ shops. It’s a familiar symbol of neighborhood living, comfort food that’s perfect to serve at a Qingming Festival picnic. Read More »
How to Make a Whole White Cut Chicken
A whole white cut chicken is a staple of Chinese reunion meals, which makes it especially fitting to serve during the Qingming Festival. The chicken represents happiness, health and purity, while serving it whole symbolizes completeness and family unity. Read More »
Working with joss paper during the Qingming Festival is an easy way to introduce the meaning of ritual paper offerings to your kids. Burning ceremonial joss paper is meant to care for ancestors in the afterlife and send them the luxuries they lacked while living.
How to Fold Joss Paper Ingots
Folding joss paper around the kitchen table can help you explain the importance of sending money, food and other supplies to ancestors who have passed away. Use our guide to fold joss paper into the gold ingots that were used as ancient Chinese currency. Read More »
Prior to the Qingming Festival, you’ll want to pick up joss paper, incense sticks and food for your ceremonial offerings, but that’s all you’ll really need. The Qingming Festival is a quiet, family-focused holiday without elaborate decorations or public celebrations.
How to Buy Joss Paper
The Chinese burn joss paper to send ancestors money and material goods in the afterlife. Use our guide to learn how to use joss paper during the Qingming Festival, along with how to shop for the three most common types available. Read More »
I hope you have a great time celebrating the Qingming Festival this year with these easy activities, recipes and crafts. Please comment below if there are additional resources you would like to see added to the site!
HT: Photo by The New York Times.